In a majority decision the Quebec Court of Appeal said that Canada and Quebec violated Cree rights concerning language, education and culture. It stemmed from a Cree arguement that had to be involved in any decision relating to Cree education and funding.

The Court noted the importance of the rights, benefits and privileges under the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. They said that education was important because it was central to preserving and transmitting Cree language, culture and identity. Mabel Herodier, Chair of the CSB said the decision showed that Crees are full participants in decisions affecting educational rights. Ted Moses, Cree Grand Chief said it was an important victory that recognized protecting Cree education rights, the Cree culture and language.